P I C E E B A, 1ST PICEEBA 2018

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Analysis of Individual Characteristics, Transmigration Aspects and Transmigrant Employment Structures (Study in ex-Transmigration Villages Within Jambi Province)
Yulmardi Yulmardi, Erfit Erfit

Last modified: 2018-06-29

Abstract


This study aims to: 1) Analyze the individual characteristics of transmigrants in ex-transmigration villages within Jambi Province. 2) Analyze aspects of transmigrant transmigration in the formertransmigration villages within Jambi Province, and 3) Analyze employment in ex-transmigration villages within Jambi Province.This study was designed by collecting primary data. Research location in 6 (six) sample villages in 3 (three) Districts in three districts in Jambi Province. The research instrument used questionnaires to interview 168 households as respondents. Sampling by using Random Number Generated (RNG). The method of analysis used is descriptive quantitative and quantitative descriptive.The results found : 1) Average age of family head 64,31 years old. As many as 70.51% of those interviewed did not have a job. The largest part of the family head is male. Elementary education level/ equal to 45,76 percent. 2) The province's biggest origin is Central Java. Percentage of General Transmigration (88.10%). The main reason for joining transmigration is for the better future. The arrival of the origin is a direct transmigration. Number of household members carried between 3-4 people. 3) The land mastery of 2.45 Ha. Field of business is the most widely occupied agricultural sector (92.95%), and most as a rough worker. Research suggests that in the welfare context it is necessary to provide training for transmigrants in the field of skills, and the government should make alternatives to the future not dependent on existing land and they are not trapped only in the agricultural sector to anticipate the future, so as to increase the use of land towards a more productive. 2) Research on transmigration should be continued with regard to welfare, especially for more micro-scale studies at the household level


Keywords


Transmigration; Transmigrant; Welfare

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